The Journal

How may I access a specific full-text document?

Full-text documents may be accessed either via the TOC interface or via the SEARCH interface. On every page there is a form to the left, like this:


You will notice two form fields, which work independently of one another.

Under the latter form there is a link that reads

finer search

Click on it to reach a form where you may post queries with far greater granularity:


The search fields are the same as before – author, title, year == but they now work in tandem with each other. Thus, for example,

author AND "Jefferson"
title AND NOT "Virginia"
year AND "1812"

would return Thomas Jefferson's The Federalist Papers, thus excluding his Notes on the state of Virginia, even though they too were published in 1812. You might play the animated tutorial.

Is there an easy way to locate a paper that appeared in volume 12, say?

If you know the volume number (but not the year), you may enter just the volume number in the SEARCH interface

See also: prior question-and-answer Q: 1.

Alternatively, navigate the directory tree, as follows: http://www.iumj.indiana.edu/12/TOC/

See also another section of this FAQ Q: 12.

Related documents: Search Strategies and Site Map.

What is the Digital Archive?

The Digital Archive of the IUMJ consists of 2,580 retrodigitized papers from 1952 through 1994 (inclusive) and some 12,900 files. Every paper is available in a variety of formats, mostly PDF and DjVU.

Are there mirror urls of the IUMJ?

We anticipate that the IUMJ will soon become part of EMIS.

What are the main features of the IUMJ Digital Archives?

The IUMJ Digital Archive is a retrodigitized repository encompassing all the papers published between 1952 and 1994 (inclusive). The Digital Archive uses cutting-edge technology: scanned at 600dpi, full-text docs are available in both PDF and DjVu formats. Catalog-enriching activities include cross-linking all the bibliographic entries (currently underway) and building a new metadata infrastructure.

Does the IUMJ have a policy for longevity archiving?

The IUMJ endorses Stanford University's LOCKSS (LOCKSS = Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe). Note that our License Agreement for academic libraries reflects this intent.

Search and Help

Can I search your documents if I am not a subscriber?

The short answer is yes. Keep in mind, though, that searching through a collection of documents is not the same as reading it. The Open Archives Initiative ("OAI") – not to be confused with the Budapest Open Access Initiative ("BOAI") – is a protocol for collecting metadata about data files residing in separate archives. For more background see the History and development of OAI.

As an OAI provider, the IUMJ makes metadata records available to anyone using the Open Archives Initiative – Protocol for Metadata Harvesting ("OAI-PMH"). The basic goal of an OAI provider is to make its records available to metadata harvesters. General users interested in retrieving published documents via the OAI protocol may interact with the IUMJ OAI-compliant repository by using a specialized browser such as Kepler. The Kepler archivelet is available for Windows, Linux, and Unix Operating Systems. More information and download at the Old Dominion University homepage for Kepler. Alternatively, other search interfaces are described in Search Strategies.

How do I locate a document about which I have specific information – exact author, title, ...?

Here is the appropriate search interface for that case. Read about other search interfaces in Search Strategies at the IUMJ.

How can I search full-text documents

What are article id numbers useful for?

A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique string that identifies a piece of intellectual content For any given DOI, the prefix is assigned by a Registration Agency (CrossRef); the suffix is assigned by the publisher. The DOI prefix for the Indiana University Mathematics Journal is 10.1512. This means that, for an article published in 2004 and whose ID # is 2515, the complete identifier is

DOI number =10.1512/iumj.2004.53.2515.x

Most metadata vocabularies require an identifier such as the DOI number, which provides a single point of resolution for the location of a digital file. When a publisher uses DOI's, anyone may query the CrossRef server. For example:

http://doi.crossref.org/resolve?pid=:<PWD>&aulast=Schaeffer&title=Indiana University Mathematics Journal&volume=53&date=2004

will result in CrossRef returning a DOI or redirecting to the target document. For the most part, only publishers concern themselves with DOI numbers. Authors, however, may wish to include DOI numbers (when available) in their bibliographies.

Mostly about Subscriptions

May individuals subscribe to the online edition of the IUMJ?

Yes! Individual researchers may subscribe at greatly discounted rates.

Related Documents: Price List for Individuals and Contact Us.

Does the IUMJ accept credit card payments?

Yes. You may use American Express, VISA, or MasterCard. For security reasons, we ask that you signal your intention to pay by credit card (see example), and then transmit the necessary information to our office either by telephone (812-855-2252) or by FAX (812-855-0046). We do not store credit card information in any of our computers. Credit card information is used once and then destroyed.

May I file a missing issue claim online?

Subscribers, libraries and agents are strongly encouraged to file claims online. However, those who do not want to file online may claim a missing issue by telephone (812-855-2252) or by regular post.

What business can a subscriber transact online?

We offer information about ourselves and details about what we offer online. This information will be updated regularly. As of now, individuals, librarians, or agents may go online in order to subscribe and make payment arrangements, to file claims for missing issues, and to update billing or shipping information. Moreover, subscribers to the print edition may also go online to activate access to the full-text docs.

Mostly for Authors

What format must submissions conform to?

Although the IUMJ accepts articles in any format, the preferred formats are amsart for the body of the document and amsrefs for the bibliography. Detailed formatting recommendations and examples are given in our formatting guidelines for authors.

TeX or XML?

While TeX or LaTeX are very important for distributing pages in print, their suitability for re-using, searching, enforcing standards, and interchanging digital data is limited or null. Another markup language, XML, excels at data conversion and re-purposing. The paragraph below illustrates very briefly how TeX and XML-prone authors differ as regards structuring text.

"amsart" uses slanted boldface font for subsection headings. If the key issue to an author is to render a particular heading in slanted boldface, he might call it a "subsection". Such a decision is

problematical, though, when the so-called "subsection" is not a subset of a larger "section". The trouble with markup for the sake of appearance is that the result is tagged for only one presentation mode, and is not easily adaptable to others.

The IUMJ has made large inroads into building a website almost wholly XML-based. Accordingly, authors are encouraged to use LaTeX in a manner compatible with XML. Here is a list of do's and dont's.

Table 3. DO's and DONT's when using LaTeX

Structural Markup – DO...Presentation Markup – DO NOT...
Invoke LaTeX standard parts, e.g., \section{}, \subsection{}, \begin{theorem}...\end{theorem}, etcetera.Do not mark up text "by hand", e.g. {\bf Section 1. Introduction}, \textit{Proof}, etcetera.
Properly nest subsections inside of sections, subsubsections inside subsections, etcetera.Do not use \section{}, \subsection{} as a means to use specific fonts and specific spacing, without regard to the structure of text flow.
Properly code lists, e.g., \begin{enumerate}...\end{enumerate}, etcetera.Do not use list items as a means to underscore content by tagging paragraphs with a bullet.
In the bibliography, use structural markup.In the bibliography, do not use presentation markup.

In short: Whenever possible, use structural markup – not presentation markup. Why should an author care about satisfying both TeX and XML? We expect to answer this question in another document (in preparation).

Related documents:

May I post my paper in arXiv or other preprint repositories just as I submit it to the IUMJ?

Yes. The IUMJ is a green publisher, which means that authors may publish both preprints and postprints subject only to minimal restrictions. See also Question Q: 4 about what it means to be a green publisher.

Related documents:

If I want to query the IUMJ server about a paper of mine that is currently under consideration, what do I use as username and password?

Unless you've changed your login information on our new site, your username is your surname or "family name" (or "last name"); your password is the id number assigned to your paper – this is the number that appears in the SUBJECT line of every email sent to you by our Editorial Office.

Does the IUMJ permit self-publishing by authors?

Yes. See a related question-and-answer Q: 1. Or read directly our Copyright Policy.

See also: Color Coding.

Does the IUMJ accept electronic submissions?

Yes. In fact, this is our preferred submission method.

For more information about how to submit your paper online, please see Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

Electronic submissions using formats other than TeX (Plain or any of its flavors, such as LaTeX, AMSTeX, ...) will not be processed and will be returned.

What personal data would the IUMJ like authors to keep current?

The two most important data are the author's email address and institutional affiliation. Using their assigned username and password Q: 3, authors may update this information, as need be, by going logging in at our new site.

Whom should I get in touch with about a manuscript of mine currently under consideration – the Managing Editor or the Editorial Office?

The Managing Editor normally deals with such issues as an author's disagreement with the referee's evaluation, an author's concerns about the length of his paper, etc. In short, the Managing Editor handles professional, mathematical questions. Most other, production-related queries are handled either by the Editorial Office or by interactive online responders.

It is possible to contact the Editorial Office by email.

Alternatively, the interactive automatic responder dynamically vacates many queries, such as the status of a manuscript – use our new site to log in and check.

Authors need not be overly concerned about this. The Managing Editor and the Editorial Office are in constant communication with one another, and correspondence gets forwarded as need be.

Related Documents: Editorial Board, Contact Us

How should authors prepare the bibliography?

Please refer to our Guidelines for the Preparation of the Bibliography, where we explore this subject in detail and show examples of bibliography entries, full citations, and short citations using amsrefs. We also outline the use of GNU's wget, a tool that greatly facilitates the preparation of bibliographies.

Do I need a copyright release in order to re-publish an IUMJ paper in my Collected Papers or Opera Omnia?

As the copyright holder for the work it publishes, the IUMJ routinely waives rights in favor of authors. However, if there are any other contributors or copyright owners associated with the work (.e.g, professional illustrators), you do need a waiver from them. Related Documents: See our Copyright Policy.

What steps does a manuscript traverse from reception to publication?

When you upload a file to the IUMJ server read about electronic submissions (Q: 5), your file will be automatically processed – that is, it will be checked and transmitted to the IUMJ Editorial Office within one business day. The initial review is handled by the Managing Editor and by members of the Editorial Board and/or other departmental reviewers, depending on the area of expertise. This initial review is usually completed within weeks and, for most manuscripts, this is when it is determined whether or not a manuscript might eventually be accepted for publication. A paper deemed a candidate for publication will be sent to an external referee, whose report weighs heavily on the formal editorial acceptance or rejection of the manuscript. Normally, referees are given two months to complete their report, but extensions are not infrequent. Most manuscripts are accepted at the time of the referee's report; however, even those that are ultimately accepted might undergo several rounds of reviewing because of revisions requested by the referee. The submission-to-publication time is the interval from initial submission to the cover date on the journal issue in which an article appears (the cover date now pretty well matches the calendar date at which a given issue actually appears)Z: the IUMJ aims at having a submission-to-publication time under 12 months.

Mostly for Librarians and Agents

Is there a license agreement for institutional subscribers?

Our License Agreement pertains to the rights to the electronic version of the Journal. Use of this site represents agreement on the part of the user to the access rights and responsibilities as spelled out in the License. To register other rights under this agreement, please print it and mail or fax a signed copy to our regular postal address:

Indiana University Mathematics Journal
Rawles Hall 115
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47405
FAX: (812) 855-0046

Related documents:

My university subscribes to the print edition - why can't I access the full-text documents online?

The IUMJ implements IP address-based access control. This entails a registration system, whereby the institutional librarian in charge must get in touch with our Editorial Office and register the university's IP address or address-range. In practical terms, please email us at iumj@indiana.edu giving all the necessary information. For your convenience, a registration form can be filled out online. Related document: Register for Online Access.

I am a librarian: What should I do to activate online access for my university?

Please refer to our answer to Q: 2. Otherwise, go directly to the Registration Form.

What does it mean that "the IUMJ is a green publisher"?

This is a reference to the Romeo colours issued by the

RoMEO organization ("Rights Metadata for Open-archiving"). Green-color electronic publishers are scholarship-friendly because they do not require authors to remove preprints from a website before submitting the corresponding manuscript for publication in short, "green publishers" see no

conflict between preprint circulation and submission for print. The IUMJ only requires that, once a manuscript is published in print, a link to the published version be added to the preprint version if it is still displayed at any website. Authors may also display postprints in their own website, and there are no restrictions in re-use for teaching purposes or in one's own publications.

Related Documents:

Mostly for Readers

Can anyone view a full-text document?

No. We feel that the solution to soaring library costs does not lie with open-access publishing but rather with electronic journals that are made available at reasonable costs. The IUMJ limits access as do many other universities and learned societies. Great Britain's Royal Society, for example, has given a thumbs-down to the concept of open-access publishing of scientific research. By increasing the cost of funding UK scientists, the Royal Society argues, open-access publishing potentially reduces the number of grants awarded. On the other hand, from the standpoint of open access, subscriptions are a problem. They are price barriers that not only exclude indigent readers, but also exclude crawling software that facilitates full-text search, retrieval, indexing, and data-mining.

While the debate rages on, the IUMJ has strived to lower its costs to just over 10 cents per page of print. Seeking to satisfy scholarship needs even further, the IUMJ allows full-text search of its entire collection. Anyone may query our search engine to see whether a particular topic is discussed anywhere in the IUMJ. Well-formed queries will return the location of relevant documents. Still, only subscribers will be able to view in full the documents thus retrieved. Non-subscribers may request a "guest pass" (one-time only) or delivery on-demand. :

Related documents:

How may I read abstracts if I do not have a MathML-capable browser?

We strongly recommend that you install a MathML-capable browser not only will it display MathML, but it will also implement current html standards such as, for example. css2 stylesheets, xhtml, PNG images, etcetera. Conversely, older browsers do not properly render web pages that meet the latest specifications issued by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

That said, you may still view abstracts if you do not have a MathML-capable browser. Use your browser's View > Source menu, and scan the tags for the one labelled "description" its corresponding value is the abstract, in TeX markup.

How do I access a specific full-text document?

Of course, nothing bars you from literally copying the whole title in the search form, but this is hardly necessary. Use the Form To Do Full-Text Search Using the Lucene Engine, which allows you to be specific and brief. For example, to retrieve the paper titled Remarks on weak solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations for 2-D compressible isothermal fluids with spherically symmetric initial data, by Song Jiang and Ping Zhang, either short-hand will do:


Table 4. Example of Advanced Queries

Form inputExplanation
title: (+Navier-Stokes +"isothermal fluids")Both strings must be present in the "title" field.
title: "Navier compressible"~7These words in the "title" field are within at most seven words of each other.

Related documents:

Are donations to the IUMJ tax-deductible?

In short: yes.

As you surf our site, you will discover the many ways the IUMJ supports mathematical research. Many of our offerings, including full-text search of XML collections, implement cutting-edge technology. This allows us to satisfy some of the ideals of the Open Access Initiative while preserving the necessary funding base that makes it possible for the Journal to survive. For more than half a century of scholarship, the Indiana University Mathematics Journal has strived to make mathematical research more accessible to the nation through print cost-cutting and, now, the Internet.

Private donations can make an incredible difference to the Journal, allowing us to make our unique collection more widely available and to develop resources in highly specialized fields of electronic publishing, allowing us to link up with semantic webs in Europe and Australia. This is just an example of the many initiatives that could be supported by private gifts. We hope you will take the time to consider them.

Can I search full-text documents?

Our site is powered by Lucene. Additionally, we shall soon be implementing XQuery search.

Why can I not see some of your XML offerings?

The capability to view and print XML documents using depends on the web browser’s capability to view/print XML documents.

Can I bookmark papers I am particularly interested in?

We intend to deploy bookmarks in the near future but, at this time, we are not hosting bookmark services. You may always bookmark URLs in your browser.

Why may I download preprints but not the full-text final version?

Preprints are not final copy. Since the IUMJ is a green publisher, authors may publish preprints in their own website or in ArXiv. There is no difference between fetching preprints for these locations or from the IUMJ website.

Why does the IUMJ home page display the same subject under different categories for example, "Recommended browser settings"

A certain degree of redundancy helps.

Is there a tutorial for full-text search using XQuery?

What are article id numbers useful for?

Article id numbers are used for full-text search on XML collections.

Reference Tools

How can I cite a forthcoming paper?

Articles posted as preprints have not yet been formatted by the editorial office and have not been assigned page numbers in a particular volume. Citations of these items should reflect this preprint status.

Why does the IUMJ list the open-source tools it uses?

Why does the IUM publish three kinds of metadata?

The kinds of metadata we publish target different communities and usages.

Can metadata be used via the Web services protocol?

News feeds.


Does the IUMJ have a dedicated email address?

Here is a mailbox whose username is "iumj":

  1. iumj@indiana.edu